|aMobilizing the marginalized :|bethnic parties without ethnic movements /|cAmit Ahuja.
|aNew York, NY :|bOxford University Press,|c2019.
|axxiii, 238 p. ;|c25 cm.
|aMobilizing the marginalized -- Historical Dalit social mobilization -- The effects of historical Dalit social mobilization -- Dalit party performance and bloc voting -- Dalit social mobilization and bloc voting -- How mobilization type shapes Dalit welfare -- The identity trap -- Conclusion : whither Dalit politics?
|a"In Dalit Politics, Amit Ahuja uses the Dalit case to develop a powerful new theory of the often orthogonal relationship between social and political mobilization. He argues that when a marginalized ethnic group's social mobilization precedes its electoral mobilization, the marginalized group's ethnic party will perform poorly. This is because any political inclusion won by a marginalized group's movement weakens the ethnic bloc voting required by its ethnic political party to succeed. When Dalit social movements succeed, competition for their votes increases at the local level, which in turn lowers the importance of caste for differentiating among parties. In areas where marginal groups have a tradition of successfully social mobilization, they prefer material goods over symbolic goods--which serves to divvy up party preferences within the group. Yet when Dalit social mobilization is absent or weak, other parties do not compete for them. Without competition for marginalized voters, their voting blocs are preserved. Ironically, marginalized ethnic group parties are more likely to succeed. Ahuja also analyzes the human development outcomes and finds another irony: in the social sphere, caste solidarity improves public goods provision for the marginalized group, but in the electoral sphere, the effects are negative because such parties are weak political clients. Democratically elected officials are less accountable to them. Featuring a powerful research base and a highly original thesis, Mobilizing the Marginalized promises to change how we think about democracy in the developing world"--|cProvided by publisher.